Protein Foods

Protein Foods

Eggs (preferably organic, or at least “free-range”) – considered the best “whole” or “Complete” protein.

Milk 

Fish (preferably: wild caught salmon, herring, )

Poultry (preferably: baked, broiled or stewed)

Tofu & other beans

Oats (preferably not quick cooking)

Nuts (especially almonds)

wheat

cornmeal[i]

Protein Food Combinations

(to assure best usage of the most Amino Acids found in the food /Proteins[ii])

Beans + Wheat

Beans + Rice

Corn bread + Beans

Corn tortillas + Beans

Lentil Curry + Rice

Pea Soup + Wheat (bread)

Pasta + milk and/or Cheese

Cheese + Wheat (cheese sandwiches)

Macaroni + Cheese

Garbanzo dip (hummus)

Sunflower seeds, peanuts, roasted soybeans

 

[i] “Diet for a Small Planet”. Fig.14, page 176
[ii] Ibid. page 181 (Chart)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hoksiyuhab Oti
P.O. Box 868
Mission, SD 57555

Donna Duncan
Childbirth Educator

rosebudcbe@gmail.com
http://hoksiyuhaboti.com

 

 

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Maintaining Gynecological Health – Part 2

chart
An example of “charting”

Ovulatory Spotting

Light bleeding may occur right around ovulation in some women. It is not only normal, but an indicator for fertility, a sign that tells where the woman is in her cycle. It results from a sudden drop in estrogen, just before ovulation.  It occurs more in long-cycles.

Anovulary Bleeding and Spotting

Once in a while an egg is not released.  It could be due to the estrogen not reaching the level for the egg to release. When this happens the drop in estrogen will cause light bleeding.

For women over 40, the cause is a decreased sensitivity to FSH and LH hormones. This would result in these women not ovulating.  The progesterone level is not able to sustain the lining and some spotting or bleeding may occur.

The way to know if actual ovulation did occur, is to chart the temperature. As a reminder: the temperature pattern is: low before ovulation, followed by the high temperature after.

Implantation Spotting

So when a woman notices spotting rather than bleeding a week after her temperature shifts she might want to consider a pregnancy test.  This may be an indication of “implantation spotting”, because as the egg burrows into the lining of the uterus, a bit of spotting may occur. If temperatures remain high for another 18 days or more, this is an indication that the corpus luteum is viable.

Breastfeeding Spotting

After the initial flow of birth has stopped, some women may have some bleeding about six weeks postpartum.  This is due to the withdrawal of hormones that were high during pregnancy.

Also there may be a fluctuation of hormones while breastfeeding because of the needs of the baby. The temporary imbalance of hormones may cause women who breastfeed a few anovulatory spotting.

Other times

  • After office procedures
  • While on the pill
  • Or during postmenopausal hormone replacement therapy

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hokṡiyuhab Oti

Donna Duncan, CBE / HHP / CHt / Reiki Master
http://hoksiyuhaboti.com
rosebudcbe@gmail.com
402-389-2183

 

Effects of Marijuana

marijuana

Marijuana: Effects on the Mother

Prolonged use may lead to apathy, lack of energy, lack of desire to work or be productive, diminished concentration, poor personal hygiene, preoccupation with marijuana – the amotivational syndrome

Effects on the fetus

Marijuana can easily cross into the placenta, and causes increased levels of carbon monoxide in the mother’s blood, reducing the level of oxygen to the fetus.

With more states legalizing the sale of Marijuana, there are more users. Those that smoke or exposure to the smoke from their significant others who smoke, Need to be aware of the effect on the unborn fetus.

Issues

One issue with Marijuana use, is that often it has other street drugs combined with the plant itself. Or additional THC is added to compound the effects. These two, and other contaminants can create the issues that will be discussed regarding the development of the fetus, and the later development of the fetus through early childhood.

There have been few definitive studies conducted on humans as to the effects of Marijuana on the fetus. “A new study in animals suggests that children who are exposed to marijuana in the womb may suffer from a variety of long-term problems even if they aren’t born with obvious birth defects.”

One of the components of Marijuana, that the researchers call WIN, has shown an effect in studies conducted on lab rats. Although, not causing birth defects, Marijuana does cause memory loss and inability to learn. “Researchers say they also found that WIN interfered with the release of a brain transmitter called glutamate, a key chemical associated with learning and memory processing.”

An Italian research team found that marijuana caused a disruption from “chemical and electrical processes in the brain during gestation (Bhattacharya)” in lab rats. The effects the study indicates, can be confounded by smoking, wealth, and urban living.

Even second-hand Marijuana smoke can affect the unborn fetus. It can cause your baby to be born premature, and have a lower birth weight, both are risks for the baby. Studies are few and far between, due to the risks involved on the fetus. “In the very few studies available, there appears to be an increase in the incidence of premature labor and low birthweight. In cases in which pot had been tainted with a stimulant (cocaine, for example), there was an increased risk for dangerously fast labors (less than three hours) and for placental abruption (separation of the placenta from the uterine wall)” states Dr. David Barrera.

Observation has shown that “…babies born to women who abused marijuana during their pregnancies display altered responses to visual stimuli, increased tremulousness (trembling or shaking), and a high-pitched cry — any of which may indicate neurological problems in development”. Later in the child’s development these children have a lack of problem-solving skills, and poor memory.

Based on a study conducted by University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City, and colleagues in the Eunice K. Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, babies born to smokers of Marijuana are two times more likely to have stillborn babies.

REFERENCES:

Bhattacharya, Shaoni. Marijuana use in pregnancy damages kids’ learning. 25 March 2003 http://www.newscientist.com/article/dn3543-marijuana-use-in-pregnancy-damages-kids-learning.html#.VQWPAeGgZ-8

Hackethal, Veronica MD. Smoking Pot May Double Risk for Stillbirth. http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/817503 Medscape Medical News. December 9, 2013

Herbert, Clare. I’m pregnant and my partner smokes weed. Will it affect our baby? http://www.babycentre.co.uk/x1043727/im-pregnant-and-my-partner-smokes-weed-will-it-affect-our-baby#ixzz3USuXGKAG November 2014

How could marijuana use affect your unborn baby? http://www.pregnancyandbaby.com/pregnancy/articles/937071/secondhand-toke-marijuana-pregnancy

Traumatic Birth Part 3

According to Cheryl Tatano Beck, traumatic birth is defined as “an event occurring during the labor and delivery process that involves actual or threatened serious injury or death to the mother  or her infant. The birthing woman experiences intense fear, helplessness, loss of control, and horror” she had later revised that statement to include the woman feeling stripped of her dignity.

c-Section

What is the cause of women perceiving their birth experience as traumatic? It is the systemic elimination of protective care during the birthing process.

In Beck’s study of 40 women she says that there were four themes that emerged. Theme #1 was to care for the women and treating them as human beings. Theme #2: Lack of Communication.  Theme #3 was safety. Theme #4: The ends will justify the means.

With theme #1 women feeling they were objectified, and treated arrogantly and with a lack of empathy. The women were left alone, and abandoned. The birthing mother’s needs were not met by the hospital staff. An example given was of a woman from Puerto Rico who was on all fours, when a nurse brought in 20 students to observe…without her consent.

In theme #2 no one communicated with the woman in labor. They were described as having conversations with one another within earshot but not directly talking with or to the laboring mother. As if she were non-existent.

In the third theme the laboring mothers felt that the staff (nurses and doctors) did not adequately deliver safe care. The mothers were not being allowed input into the care being given for their own selves and actually fearing for their own and / or the infant’s life!

In theme #4 entailed the sense that what was endured and experienced by the mothers was the sense of being “pushed to the background” as everyone around them were celebrating the baby’s healthy birth. These women felt invisible, only the infant mattered.

The experiences mothers have had led to severe post-partum trauma and depression.  Beck, Driscoll, and Watson’s book Traumatic Birth goes into detail about feedback loops [pp. 10-12] that describe the interaction of the mother and child after a traumatic birth, with a listing of the causes and consequences of the cause. Sometimes even breastfeeding is difficult, creating “…intruding flashbacks, disturbing detachments with their infants, feeling violated, enduring physical pain, and insufficient milk supply…” Often the anniversary of a traumatic birth amplifies the feedback loop.

My own reaction to the shared experiences the women in this book had illustrated the barbarism of western medical professionals, a barbarism that is completely contrary to those principles I listed from the ACOG website in part #2.

The women who tell their story of childbirth weave an astounding sense of personal alienation.  It is no wonder that there is PTSD, depression, self-destructive behaviors, socially isolationist behaviors and pelvic floor injuries as a result of the improper calloused form of care received. Many of the women feel as though they were raped, yet most had no “history of physical, emotional, and/or sexual abuse” so birth precipitated  a sense of having “the loss of the soul”.

Traumatic Birth Part 2

What can you do to prevent problems in labor, and miscommunication with your doctor? My recommendation is to follow the recommended diet, exercise, drink a lot of water, and attend to the prenatal visits.

Never be afraid to ask questions! Why a certain test is being done, what does that word mean, etc. Some things I can assist you with during the Childbirth Education coursework…but asking the questions of your doctor is important. You get to know your doctor, and he/she can get to know you.

Your right as a patient is to have any procedure or test explained by your doctor. Is the particular procedure / test done because it is required? Who requires it? Why is it required? Is it because of doctor concern? What precipitated that concern?

Your doctor is not GOD.

this baby was born by c-section
Image by: Huffington Post

It is especially true when you are in labor. SOMEONE, your husband / mother / Doula can be present, and act in your behalf. You can also construct a birth plan, have it placed in your chart…but it’s not always honored.

If the doctor is not responding to your questions or you are not comfortable with the explanation / or attitude of the doctor you still can address the issue. Sometimes just a rewording of your question is helpful.  If still you are not being listened to, the following outlines your rights…

HIPPA law outlines a patient’s rights:

To Clear Communication

The AMA’s Code of Medical Ethics clearly states that it is a fundamental ethical requirement that a physician should at all times deal honestly and openly with patients. Patients have a right to know their past and present medical status and to be free of any mistaken beliefs concerning their conditions.
[https://www.emedicinehealth.com/patient_rights/article_em.htm#communication ]

To Informed Consent

Informed consent involves the patient’s understanding of the following:

  • What the doctor is proposing to do
  • Whether the doctor’s proposal is a minor procedure or major surgery
  • The nature and purpose of the treatment
  • Intended effects versus possible side effects
  • The risks and anticipated benefits involved
  • All reasonable alternatives including risks and possible benefits.

[Informed Consent]


Within the perimeters of informed consent, the doctor ethically understands the responsibility of:

  • The patient being told what the doctor is going to do
  • That the patient is helped to understand the medical implications
  • Whether it is a minor or major procedure
  • The risks and benefits
  • Alternatives with the information about risks and benefits


The patient rights also include:

  • Freedom from force, fraud, deceit, duress, overreaching or other ulterior form of constraint or coercion
  • The right to refuse or withdraw without influencing the patient’s future healthcare
  • The right to ask questions and to negotiate aspects of treatment

This is hardly possible while in full labor. Informed consent implies that information is given, which would be hard to process while in labor.

Traumatic Birth Part 1

Many things come up during the labor and birthing of a baby. These may or may not be emergency-level events. A woman in labor is focused on the process they are involved in: birth. The woman may not be aware of what is discussed around them, or the things happening that may alter their ideals of the “perfect”  birth.

doula at work

Here are some things that may occur:

  • Slow dilation of the cervix
  • Labor stalling
  • Movement of the baby stops
  • Blood pressure of the mother rises

Often doctors in the hospital will want to intervene. The remedies may be interventions that you really do not need.

These interventions could possibly be:

  • Monitors
  • IV insertion
  • Inducing labor (Pitocin)
  • Or even the decision to have a c-Section (read my blog post on this here: )

The first two can be alleviated by using gravity (walking, dancing, leaning forward onto the labor bed with feet on the floor and doing squats). Usually stressors or nervousness are the cause. With Labor stalling, if already dilated 6-7cm, it could very well be a natural stall while going into the next stage of labor.

Remember: Babies are birthed when they are READY. Not on some sort of perceived time schedule.

If the baby stops movement, inform your doctor. You can use “kick counts” as a method to monitor movements if you are concerned. In active labor, the baby tends to move in a spiral as baby moves into birthing position.

Blood pressure issues could be gestational diabetes, or just stress. The cause needs to be found. bvcIt is a symptom of pre-eclampsia but if you were not having signs of this condition and diagnosed in pregnancy (which is why prenatal visits are essential) then it may be something else. Here is suggested reading for you to understand the seriousness of this condition: https://www.acog.org/Patients/FAQs/Preeclampsia-and-High-Blood-Pressure-During-Pregnancy

So now we move onto the second part of this discussion.

A Good Question

[republished from December posting and updated]

c-section-delivery
Pixabay Free Photo

Mortality rates are rising in the United States.  It’s true especially for women of color [Birthing Mortality]. This has been steadily rising even as some states have lowered C-Section rates are starting to lower in some states [C-Section Rates MAP].

What needs to happen, in order to fix a broken system? Your probably wondering what I mean by a broken system. I am talking about the care of women, and especially birthing.

In a nation that has been considered “advanced” we are so far behind the eight-ball that it becomes shameful. Our C-Section rates were seriously through-the-roof, and although some improvement has been made, the United States is still higher than most “civilized” countries! The average being around 31%.

Along  with that outrageous number of c-Sections are the ever-climbing mortality rates of women in birth, predominately women of color. This is shameful in a country that is supposed to be “advanced”!

On top of both high c-Section rates, and high mortality rates for birthing, is the across-the-racial-board birth trauma. It should NEVER happen! But, we have nurses and doctors who force women into procedures, who intimidate and threaten.

The media (film and television) makes it seem that birth is both dangerous and extremely painful. When that consciousness is embedded in the psyche of women, and you have a medical field that relies on mechanical means to monitor births… the stage is set.

We have normalized bad birthing practices, and outdated concepts about birth.

That is without discussing the current political scenarios…

The next few blogs will address the history behind, and the current information about birthing in the United States. The outdated concepts surrounding birth practices need debunking. The normalization of bad birthing practices needs to have a light shown upon it, in order to make it STOP.

It is time to become educated,

Get angry,

and create a change!

Essential Dietary Minerals

Calcium

Requirement: 1,300 mg. for women 18 years and younger, 1,000 mg for women 19+ years.
Needed for: helps build bones for baby and helps maintain mother’s bones, teeth, may prevent pregnancy-induced high blood pressure, inhibits lead mobilization from the bones.
Sources: Lowfat milk products, soymilk, sardines, canned salmon (with bones), tofu, dark leafy green vegetables, dried beans and peas.
Deficiency:
Toxicity:

Chromium

Requirement: 50 to 200 mg.
Needed for: Regulation of blood sugar. Helps build proteins in baby’s developing tissues. Might aid in baby’s growth and reduce pregnancy-induced diabetes (gestational diabetes.
Sources: Whole grains, wheat germ, orange juice.
Deficiency:
Toxicity:

Copper

Requirement: 1.5 to 3.0 mg.
Needed for: normal pregnancy outcome, energy metabolism, connective tissue, and red blood cell formation.  Aids in development and maintenance of baby’s heart, arteries, and blood vessels; skeletal system and nervous system.
Sources: Chicken, fish, extra-lean meats, whole grains, nuts and seeds, soybeans, dark leafy green vegetables.
Deficiency:
Toxicity:

Fluoride

Requirement: 3.0 mg.
Needed for: For strengthening bones and teeth, reducing risk for cavities in mother and baby. It increases the bioavailability of calcium and helps to buffer acids present in the mouth.
Sources: Not found in nature, but is found in the body through combining with other constituents in the body. There are 3-12 mg. of fluorine per liter of untreated water.
Toxicity: Dental fluorosis, also called mottling of tooth enamel, is a developmental disturbance of dental enamel caused by excessive exposure to high concentrations of fluoride during tooth development.[i]

Iodine

Requirement: 175 mcg.
Needed for: Essential for thyroid gland function
Sources: iodized salt, seafood, and sea vegetables.
Deficiency:
Toxicity:

Iron

Requirement: 30 mg.
Needed for: prevention of Anemia, helps baby develop and gain weight, prevents premature delivery.
Sources: Extra-lean meats, fish, poultry, cooked dried beans, dark leafy green vegetables, raisons , prunes, whole grains.

Magnesium

Requirement: 350 mg. for women who are 19+ years, 400 mg. for women 18 years and younger.
Needed for:  Energy metabolism, blood-sugar regulation, helps normal muscle contraction and nerve transmission, maintains uterine relaxation during pregnancy and aids contractions during labor.
Sources: Low-fat milk, peanuts, bananas, wheat germ, whole grains, cooked dried beans and peas, dark leafy green vegetables, oysters.

Manganese

Requirement: 2.0 to 5.0 mg.
Needed for:  It is a component of several enzymes.
Sources: Whole grains, fruits, vegetables, tea
Deficiency:
Toxicity:

Molybdenum

Requirement: 75 to 250 mcg.
Needed for:  It is a component of several enzymes.
Sources: Whole grains, beans, milk.
Deficiency: jaundice, nausea, and fatigue, due to liver disfunction; headaches, tachypnea, tachycardia, vomiting, nausea and coma, due to sulfide toxicity (created by lack of Molydenum)[ii]; certain genetic disorders.
Toxicity: Liver damage, Kidney damage, weight loss

Selenium

Requirement: 65 mcg.
Needed for: Essential for growth, protects tissues in baby and mother from free-radical damage.
Sources: Whole grains, seafood, lean meat, low-fat milk products.

Potassium

Requirement: Pregnant women: 4,700 milligrams (mg) per day
Nursing moms: 5,100 mg per day.[iii] 
Needed for:  helps in maintaining fluid and electrolyte balance, sending nerve pulses, helping muscles to contract, releasing energy from proteins, fats and carbohydrates.
Sources: fruits and vegetables, red meat and chicken, fish, milk and yogurt, nuts, and soy.
Deficiency: weakness, fatigue, muscle cramps, constipation, and abnormal heart rhythms.
Toxicity: rhabdomyolysis, insulin deficiency, metabolic acidosis or extensive tissue or red blood cell damage, and kidney failure.[iv]

Zinc

Requirement: 15 mg.
Needed for:  It is essential for conception, reduces the risk for spontaneous abortions, helps prevent birth defects, aids normal growth, helps development of bones, vision, and taste.
Sources: Extra-lean meats, turkey, cooked dried beans and peas, wheat germ, whole grains.
Deficiency: dry skin, hair loss, acne, spots on nails, poor wound healing, poor immunity.
Toxicity: nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, abdominal cramps, diarrhea, and headaches[v]

[i] Dental fluorosis: http://www.cdc.gov/fluoridation/safety/dental_fluorosis.htm#a2

[ii] http://voices.yahoo.com/molybdenum-deficiency-symptoms-causes-4735632.html

[iii] http://www.babycenter.com/0_potassium-in-your-pregnancy-diet_655.bc

[iv] http://www.livestrong.com/article/24690-symptoms-potassium-overdose/

[v] http://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/Zinc-HealthProfessional/

Caffeine, Tobacco, and Alcohol

Caffeine

Caffeinated beverages do not seem to cause birth defects or preterm labor and delivery in people…but there are other risks.  Such as: fetal growth retardation, miscarriage, and low birth weight.

Woman who drink more than 300mg of caffeine are at the highest risk.  That would be about three, five ounce cups. Those that both smoke and drink caffeine are at even a higher risk for babies with stunted growth.

Coffee (5 oz. cup) 60-180 mg
Tea (5 oz. steeped 4 minutes) 38-77 mg.
Cocoa (5 oz. cup) 2-20 mg.
Chocolate milk (8 oz.) 2-7 mg.
Cola drinks (Jolt, Mr. Pibb, Mountain Dew, etc.) 36-72 mg.
Non-prescription drugs (Excedrin, Anacin, etc.) 30-65 mg.
 

Tobacco

Cigarette smoke is full of chemicals. Many of these migrate to the sperm cells when they fertilize the ovum, and then continue to bombard the fetus when the mother smokes or is exposed to tobacco smoke.

Women who smoke are more likely to experience preeclampsia during pregnancy, preterm labor, premature rupture of the membranes, and premature delivery.  The baby born to a smoking woman tends to be lower in birth weight, and more likely to die soon after birth than those who do not smoke.

The damage to the baby can persist into later life. They are at more risk for cancer as an adult, susceptible to middle-ear infections, asthma, chronic bronchitis, and wheezing.

If raised in a household where smoking is allowed children are more likely to develop hypertension, as well as neurological and behavioral problems such as attention deficit disorder.  They also tend to score lower in intelligence tests later in life.

Men who smoke have a considerable higher risk of having children with birth defects and childhood cancer. This is probably due to the lowering of vitamin C levels in seminal fluids and sperm.  Not even the best of nutrition can make up for the damage done by smoking!

Alcohol

Alcohol freely enters the placenta and directly exposes the developing baby to its toxic effects.  It travels in the baby’s blood stream at the same concentration as that of the mother.  If mother is “buzzed”, so is the baby!

Some babies born develop a condition called “Fetal Alcohol Syndrome” or FAS.  They are shorter in length, lighter in weight, than other babies. They do not “catch up” eve with special postnatal care. They also have abnormally small heads, irregularity in their faces, limb abnormalities, heart defects, and poor coordination.  Many are mentally retarded and may develop behavioral problems as they grow up (such as hyperactivity).

No one knows how much alcohol it would take to damage a baby. Since it causes permanent physical and mental birth defects and no “safe” amount is known, the best bet is to abstain from alcohol.

Be aware of the alcohol in certain foods. Such as Irish Coffee, wine coolers, rum and fruit cakes, liquor-laced desserts, and cough medicines.

A Good Question

What needs to happen, in order to fix a broken system? Your probably wondering what I mean by a broken system. I am talking about the care of women, and especially birthing.

In a nation that has been considered “advanced” we are so far behind the eight-ball that it becomes shameful. Our c-Section rates were seriously through-the-roof, and although some improvement has been made, the United States is still higher than most “civilized” countries! The average being around 31%.

Along  with that outrageous number of c-Sections are the ever-climbing mortality rates of women in birth, predominately women of color. This is shameful in a country that is supposed to be “advanced”!

On top of both high c-Section rates, and high mortality rates for birthing, is the across-the-racial-board birth trauma. It should NEVER happen! But, we have nurses and doctors who force women into procedures, who intimidate and threaten.

The media (film and television) makes it seem that birth is both dangerous and extremely painful. When that consciousness is embedded in the psyche of women, and you have a medical field that relies on mechanical means to monitor births… the stage is set. We have normalized bad birthing practices, and outdated concepts about birth.

That is without discussing the current political scenarios.

The next few blogs will address the history behind, and the current information about birthing in the United States. The outdated concepts surrounding birth practices need debunking. The normalization of bad birthing practices needs to have a light shown upon it, in order to make it STOP.

It is time to become educated,

get angry,

and create a change!

NOTE: I am still doing research, the next two topics are valuable as well, and allows me time to get things done.

Also published at my sister site: Hoksiyuhab Oti